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Lorsqu’un pays se développe, les inégalités s’accroissent dans un premier temps puis elles diminuent. Cette relation, nommé courbe de Kuznets en U renversé. Nous montrons que le capital humain des pays suit une courbe en U inversée, sorte de courbe de Kuznets du capital humain. De plus, la courbe de Kuznets de . Formation et déformation de la courbe de Kuznets environnementale pour les émissions de CO2 (in French). Home; >; Research; >; Publications; >; Formation .

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Christian Morrisson 1 AuthorId: If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the “citations” tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

This page was last edited on 23 Decemberat He states his unequivocal finding: So although their evidence seems to support the Kuznets theory in relation to trade liberalization, Dobson and Ramlogan assert that policies for redistribution must be simultaneously implemented in order to mitigate the initial increase in inequality. Palma then shows that there are two distributional trends taking place in inequality within a country:.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Proponents of the EKC argue that this varied relationship does not necessarily invalidate the hypothesis, but instead that the applicability of the Kuznets curves to various environmental indicators may differ when considering different ecosystems, economics, regulatory schemes, and technologies.

Kuznets curve – Wikipedia

Retrieved 15 October Ccourbe Economic Review 45 March: Friday, April couebe, – Because of this, Dobson ckurbe Ramlogan suggest that perhaps trade openness can be related to inequality through a Kuznets curve framework. Suri and Chapman argue that the EKC is not applicable on the global scale, as a net pollution reduction may not actually be occurring globally. National Bureau of Economic Research. There have been mixed findings with this idea — some developing countries have experienced greater inequality, less inequality, or no difference at all, due to trade liberalization.

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When controlling for this variable, the U-shape of the curve tends to disappear e. Following Grimes and Robertswe study the temporal instability of the d Kuznets curve for a panel of 51 countries over the period Retrieved 18 June Archived from the original on 15 June Deforestation may follow a Kuznets curve cf. However, one of the main purposes of doing econometrics is to test which apparent relationships While such findings are still being debated, it could prove to be important because it poses the concerning question of whether pollution actually begins to decline for good when an economic threshold is reached or whether the decrease is only in local pollutants and pollution is simply exported to poorer dw countries.

Additionally, the status of many key ” ecosystem services ” provided by ecosystems, such as freshwater provision Perman, et al.

Formation et déformation de la Courbe de Kuznets Environnementale pour les émissions de CO2

At least one critic argues that the US is still struggling to attain the income level necessary to prioritize certain coube pollutants such as carbon emissions, which have yet to follow the EKC. If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item.

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Palma goes on to note that, among middle-income countries, only those in Latin America and Southern Africa live in an inequality league of their own. Saturday, July cpurbe, – 2: We have no references for this item.

Ecological anthropology Ecological economics Environmental anthropology Environmental economics Environmental communication Environmental history Environmental politics Environmental psychology Environmental sociology Human ecology Human geography Political ecology Regional science. Stern warns “it is very easy to do bad econometrics “, and says “the history of the EKC exemplifies what can go wrong”.

For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: However, the “Kuznets effect” associated to GDP per capita is four times smaller in magnitude than the externality of average schooling favouring the decrease of income inequality within countries since Since the environmental Kuznets curve EKC has kuznest a standard feature in the technical literature of environmental policy[6] though its application there has been strongly contested.

Thomas Jobert Fatih Karanfil.

Next, we analyse the relationships between the national distributions of income and schooling. The East Asian miracle has been used to criticize the validity of the Kuznets curve theory. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.