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Descriptions and articles about the Chard, scientifically known as Beta vulgaris var. cicla in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Ecology; Associations; Wiki. Beta vulgaris var. cicla Linn. 厚įšŪ菜. Description from Flora of China. Root branched, not tuberlike. The leaves are used as a vegetable (spinach beet, Swiss . EPPO code: BEAVV; Preferred name: Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. cicla; Authority: (Linnaeus) Arcangeli. Notes. Beet cultivated as a.

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EPPO Global Database

In Eastern Europe beet soup, such as cold borschis a popular dish. In other projects Vugaris Commons Wikispecies. The flowers are produced in dense spike-like, basally interrupted inflorescences.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Chard or Swiss chard Beta vulgaris subsp. Archived from the original E-book on Chenopodiaceae pro parte majore. Retrieved from ” https: Beets are cultivated for fodder e. Roman and Jewish literary sources suggest that in the 1st century BC the domestic beet was represented in the Mediterranean basin primarily by leafy forms like chard and spinach beet.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Beet.

All cultivars fall into the subspecies Beta vulgaris subsp. Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops. Other pigments contained in beet are indicaxanthin and vulgaxanthins yellow to orange pigments known as betaxanthins.

Cultivars with large, brightly coloured leaves are grown for decorative purposes. This page was last edited on 5 Decemberat The midribs of Swiss chard are eaten boiled while the whole leaf blades are eaten as spinach beet.

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They are also pickled. Cultivars of chard include green forms, such as ‘Lucullus’ and ‘Fordhook Giant’, as well as red-ribbed forms such as ‘Ruby Chard’ and ‘Rhubarb Chard’.

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Researchers have not yet answered whether beets produce geosmin themselves or whether it is produced by symbiotic soil microbes living in the plant. It remains a widely cultivated commercial crop for producing table sugar, in part due to subsidies scaled to keep it competitive with tropical sugar cane. Sea beet Beta vulgaris subsp. Some attribute the vylgaris to it having been first described by a Swiss botanist, either Gaspard Bauhin [12] or Karl Heinrich Emil Koch [13] although the latter was German, not Swiss.

It is the economically most important crop of the large order Caryophyllales. The pigments are contained in cell vacuoles. Views Read Edit View history. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. In some parts of Africa, the whole leaf blades are clcla prepared with the midribs as one dish. Chard belongs to the chenopodswhich are now mostly included in the family Amaranthaceae sensu lato. The Hamlyn Publishing Group Limited.

There are 18 chromosomes found in 2 sets, which makes beets diploid.

Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris

Betacyanin in beetroot may cause red urine in people who are unable to break it down. Chard has shiny, green, ribbed leaves, with petioles that range from white to yellow to red, depending on the cultivar.

For the album by The Bats, see Silverbeet album. The usually deep-red roots of garden beet can be baked, boiled, or steamed, and often served hot as a cooked vegetable or cold as a salad vegetable.

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Chard is used in traditional Swiss cuisine, however, namely in a dish called Capuns from the Canton of Grisons. Now rankless cultivar groups are used, according to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants.

The fruit utricle is enclosed by the leathery and incurved perianth, and is immersed in the swollen, hardened perianth base.

Betaa sugar beets date back to midth century Silesia where the king of Prussia subsidised experiments aimed at processes for sugar extraction. Chard, like other green leafy vegetables, has highly nutritious leaves, making it a popular component of healthy diets. Look up chard in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

The word “chard” descends from the fourteenth-century French cardefrom Vulyaris carduus meaning artichoke thistle or cardoonincluding vylgaris artichoke. Beta vulgaris beet is a plant which is included in Betoideae subfamily in ciclq Amaranthaceae family. Beet greens and Swiss chard are both considered high oxalate foods which are implicated in the formation of kidney stones.

Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris – Wikispecies

This is called beeturia. In the cultivars of the Flavescens-Group, the leaf stalks are large and often prepared separately from the leaf blade. The roots of cultivated forms are dark red, white, or yellow and moderately to strongly swollen and fleshy subsp. Fresh beets, nature’s jewels for the table”. Neta of beet diseases.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chard. Beta vulgaris is classified into three subspecies: